Disaster Risk Management

Supporting the global Drive for Climate Resilience

Across the world, urban and rural planners and policy makers are seeking comprehensive solutions to the consequences of climate change. With over 200 years of recorded experience preventing, mitigating and managing disasters, Austria is a world leader in applied cutting edge Technology in comprehensive disaster risk management.

ANRICA combines geological surveys and rapid large-scale landscape assessments with early warning systems by geo-monitoring, forest management, structural measures and land use planning by hazard risk mapping to manage natural disaster crises.

Using a tried participatory communications approach, where communities and policy makers take part in finding solutions, a consortium of scientists, private sector and technological research experts work together through ANRICA to identify hazard areas, assess risk, and provide keen advice and action for risk management, reduction and mitigation.

The ANRICA Disaster Risk Management System (DRM)

Anrica DisasterRiskManagement InfographicPRINT

The ANRICA DRM System

Our Philosphy

  • Fast, reliable and cost effective information;
  • Independent assessments, designed to assist countries and citizens to save lifes from natural hazards and to protect high value infrastructure;
  • Full range of landslide management – from rapid, large scale assessments down to early warning systems, emergency planning and post-hazard management.

Applied cutting edge Technology

By identifying potential hazards, and introducing early warning systems and planning, reducing vulnerability to natural and man-made hazards such as flooding or landslides, we help policy-makers and authorities to save both livelihoods and lives.
As an alpine land, as well as a country with heavy reliance on hydro-electric power, Austrian know-how benefits from decades of experience in flood control and protection of the landscape from the threat of floods and landslides.

  • Protection of infrastructure and settlement areas, new infrastructure projects, housing projects, city development, prevention of losses;
  • Comprehensive stake-holder consultation and communication;
  • Cutting edge airborne laser technology, remote sensing and state of the art modelling methods (with in housed developed software tools) are used to generate large-scale hazard maps of landslides, instrumental at the earliest stages of regional planning;
  • Emergency planning – structural measures;
  • Sustainable Forest Management;
  • Geophysical monitoring;
  • Early warning systems;
  • Airborne remote sensing;
  • Combining natural hazard mitigation, planning and economic development strategies.

Benefits to our Partners

  • Socio-economic advantage by using comprehensive approaches;
  • Sound basis for prioritizing/planning, mitigation and/or repair measures based on mapping, geological and aerial Surveys;
  • High efficiency by fast measurement  and high data density;
  • Decades of experience in measurement and data processing;
  • Coherent, clear documentation;
  • Reliable bases for decision-making.

Supporting the Global drive for climate resilience

As climate-related challenges intensify, technology transfers among countries will be a key step in supporting the global drive for climate resilience. A well forecast consequence of a warming planet is the increasing intensity of rainstorms. This increase will cause more flooding, landslides, debris flows and rockfalls, resulting in untold
damage to communities across the world.

Beyond climate-change related rainfall, a number of other scena-rios cause landslides, such as vulnerable or aging mining waste, electricity-generation dams, and flood contention barriers, greatly affecting valuable ecosystem services. Widespread erosion, the displacement of millions from their homes, the destruction of farming, mining, fishing and forestry livehoods, among so many others, imply tremendous financial losses to countries and tax payers.

Tackling these issues requires strong technological solutions. ANRICA’s scientists and specialists combine skills from across the spectrum of Austria’s scientific, technical, and policy communities in order to evaluate local environmental capacity to sustain extreme weather events or geological instability; mapping expected ecosystem services and building projections based on soil and landscape properties, geological stability, historic and current rainfall patterns, and human activities. Assessing these historical patterns in targeted areas, this evaluation extends to estimates of ecosystem resilience and adaptive capacity.

More than technical evaluations and projections, ANRICA can design site and case-specific mitigation and remediation plans, ensuring participation from communities and governments in decision making, and advising stakeholders on mixed or exclusive strategies. In addition, harnessing Austria’s experience in environmental management, ANRICA can advise and design client-specific guidelines and protocols, essential in disaster management.

Methodologies

Emergency Planning

In the state of Styria, one of Austria’s nine provinces, alpine region prone to landslides due to geological conditions, state legislature passed a ‚Disaster Protection Act.’ This important  piece of legislation requires a detailed – and annually updated – civil protection and emergency plan from all towns and counties. To assist in this process, Styria’s Civil Protection Department created an online planning system.

Technology Transfer

Using data available on landslides and rockfall in China, ANRICA partners AIT and Joanneum Research adapted sophisticated Austrian natural hazard prevention know-how in hazard modelling to produce comprehensive hazard mapping for some of that country’s riskiest landscapes in Gansu Province, near  the town of Tianshui, a  future infrastructure hub. Ongoing cooperation between the two countries includes public  policy  and planning. Austria’s experience implementing hazard maps in governmental spatial planning is particularly valuable to countries such as China, which are prone to geological hazards. Chinese experts visited Austria, witnessing first-hand how hazard mapping is applied in a policy framework. Austrian and Chinese experts will continue to work in Gansu Pro-vince with strong involvement of the Chinese provincial government.

ANRICA support includes all aspects of risk management. On the technical side, risk identification and risk reduction require advanced technological and scientific expertise. No less important, risk preparedness – addressed by policy and legislation – may be instrumental in risk prevention and in case of actual disasters.
A combination of methodologies contributes towards full risk identification, planning, avoidance and mitigation.

  • Mapping:
    With high technology risk and hazard mapping techni-ques, we plot and assess physical human or natural assets, by supporting and enabling spatial and forestal planning strategies Asessing, and pointing to vulnerability to natural hazards such as flooding or landslides, we help policy-makers and authorities to save both livelihoods and lives.
  • Geomonitoring and early warning Systems:
    Using high tech satellite and geomonitoring scanning devices, Austrian specialists produce detailed assessments of landslide risk areas and vulnerability.
  • Structural measures:
    Outstanding infrastructure development expertise, using innovative and environmentally adaptable materials in construction of dams and embedded walls, among others.
  • Forest and Vegetation:
    We apply innovative and tested forest management methodology, including forest inventories that help landscape planning, combining natural hazard mitigation and planning and economic development.
  • Civil protection/disaster prevention planning and policy:
    Using tried and tested principles of ‘integrated disaster management’, analysis of the civil protection laws of the region or country. Advice on and help in elaboration of measures related to civil protection, including public consultation and communication, establishment of comunity councils, warning centres, and all measures related to civil protection.
  • Emergency Evacuation Plans:
    Projects such as EVIVA (air-assisted monitoring and analysis System for events and for protection in crisis situations with video-based behaviour analysis), ensures security technology for management of events with large crowds. Technology as developed in EVIVA allows for the first time comprehensive observation of the movement behaviour of people and early detection of critical situations (congestion, excessive people densities and incipient panic behavior, among others).